Cameras with facial recognition systems, satellites, street sensors, license plate readers, drones, credit cards, computers, phones, televisions, smart devices and other technologies are already watching every move that people are making.
And companies are utilizing this cascade of data to earn more money.
Way back in 2013, a group of scientists studied 15 months of human mobility movement data collected from 1.5 million people. They concluded that just four points in space and time were enough to identify 95 percent of those people.
Nearly 10 years later, surveillance technologies penetrate all aspects of people’s lives. And they gather wraps of data from everyone in different forms and often without them knowing.
China has more than 50 percent of all surveillance cameras installed in the world, with almost 34 cameras per 1,000 people.
In Australia, Sydney has 4.67 surveillance cameras per 1,000 people and Melbourne has 2.13 as of last year.
CCTV cameras can be used for legal purposes – for example, promoting safety in cities and helping police with criminal investigations. But their use can also be abused by authorities.
New South Wales police were suspected of utilizing CCTV footage combined with facial recognition to identify people attending anti-lockdown protests last year.
The United Nations also confirmed that CCTV is being utilized to perform “serious human rights violations” against Uyghur and other principally Muslim ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang area of northwest China. Many CCTV cameras in China are also equipped with facial recognition, with some reportedly being tested to detect emotions.
The United States also has a long history of employing CCTV cameras to aid racist policing practices. Amnesty International reported that neighborhoods with a large percentage of non-white residents have more CCTV cameras.
Another issue with CCTV is security as many of these cameras don’t have password protection and can be easily accessed online.