Tuesday, November 23, 2021

Solar Storm Warnings: Flares Headed Towards Earth

Solar Storm Warning: Flares Are Heading Towards the Earth, Could It Take Down Communications Lines Worldwide?

Aubrey Clarke 

Experts have predicted a probable solar storm this weekend due to the advent of a flood of solar winds.

NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured photos of the Sun's corona, which shows a big "coronal hole" in the Sun's outer atmosphere.

A rush of "gaseous material" from the hole is expected to reach the Earth between Saturday and Sunday.

According to SpaceWeather.com, solar flares might produce minor geomagnetic disruptions in Earth's magnetosphere. The magnetosphere is the region of space where the planet's magnetic field is located.

A constant stream of plasma rushes forth from the Sun's corona, forming solar winds.

Plasma is made up primarily of free-flowing electrons and protons.

The streams can escape the Sun's corona, which may reach temperatures of 1.1 million degrees Celsius.

The source of most solar wind emissions is assumed to be coronal holes.

The National Weather Service's space weather division is becoming increasingly important. It will continue to grow as we better understand the Sun's physical processes and their effects on Earth and space.

Solar flares, coronal holes, and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) may discharge large bursts of radiation, high-speed electrons and protons, and other extremely energetic particles from the Sun, which are occasionally targeted towards Earth.

These particles and radiation may damage satellites in orbit, interrupt GPS, and pose serious health concerns to individuals traveling at high altitudes on Earth and astronauts in space.

Sangeetha Abdu Jyothi of the University of California, Irvine, and VMware Research believes (per Independent) that a bigger number of sunspots will enhance the likelihood of a strong CME. She explained that CMEs generally originate in magnetically active regions around sunspots.

Solar storms are classified as "G1 Minor" to "G5 Extreme." In layman's terms, experts use a scale of one to five to categorize the said space weather.

Minor storms, according to Express.co.uk, can generate modest power grid oscillations and disrupt satellite operations at the lower end of the spectrum.

Weak storms in the polar areas can also cause auroras by causing atoms and molecules of gas to reach new energy levels.

Extreme storms, on the other hand, have the potential to cause widespread blackouts and communications failures.

Multiple solar flares broke out in power and telegraph control rooms across the world last century, notably in the United States and the United Kingdom.


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