Russia has agreed to supply Syria with the S-300 Surface-to-Air missile system, and do so at NO COST, to prevent future attacks upon Syria by Israel, the U.S. and its coalition partners.
Israel says the S-300 is a "threat" which they may attack before it becomes operational.
Russia says that its troops will be located at each S-300 site teaching the Syrians how to use the new system. If Israel were to attack those systems and kill Russian soldiers, Israel would have very bad problem.
The version of the S-300 Russia will begin delivering is the S-300 "Favorit."
Back in 2010, Damascus contracted with Russia to receive the S-300, but the contract was canceled at the request of Israel, which feared for its airspace.
Now, after the US, UK and France used a completely staged and totally false "Chemical Gas Attack" to justify attacking the Syrian government two weeks ago, this time the supply of S-300 Favorit will be carried out . . . . and FREE OF CHARGE!
These new missiles will tremendously enhance Syrian air defense covering Damascus.
Experts believe that the reaction of the Israeli military to such a move will be predictably negative, and some do not exclude their attack on the locations of the S-300 deployment.
Statements about the readiness to supply Damascus with S-300 complexes were sounded for the first time a few hours after the US, Great Britain and France inflicted a massive missile and bomb attack on Syria on April 14 . The first was made by the chief of the operational headquarters of the Russian Federation Armed Forces General Staff Sergei Rudskaya:
"Taking into account what happened, we consider it possible to return to consideration of this issue - and not only against Syria, but also other states."
On April 16, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in an interview with the BBC:
"In order to help the Syrian army contain aggression, we are ready to consider all the necessary steps." And on April 20 he directly told RIA Novosti, that after the last shelling of Syria "we now have no moral obligations."
On the same day, Vladimir Putin held a meeting with the Chief of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces Valery Gerasimov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. At the meeting "some aspects of the situation in Syria" were discussed. There were no other details reported.
It is assumed that components of the S-300 (radar stations, transport-loading machines, control posts, launchers, etc.) will be delivered to Syria either by air transport aircraft or by the Russian Navy.
The S-300 could have appeared in Syria much earlier. In 2010, the Ministry of Defense of the Republic and the special exporter of Russian arms Rosoboron export signed a contract for four battalions of SAM in the version of the S-300PMU-2. The contract was first hampered by the civil war that began in 2011 in Syria - only the radar stations were transferred to the customer, but not the rest of the equipment (including launchers and missiles).
In addition to internal circumstances, there were external ones: the Syrian S-300 supply was constantly criticized by Israel, who believed that, having received such a powerful weapon, the Syrian military could control its airspace.
Eventually, at the request of Tel Aviv, the contract was canceled. "The Israelis expressed concern about the delivery of the same S-300 systems to another country in the region, since the S-300 can get Israeli territory from its territory," President Vladimir Putin said during a direct line on April 16, 2015 , clarifying that Russia's concern has divided and returned to the customer about $ 400 million in advance. Subsequently, these S-300PMU-2 were adapted to the requirements of another customer - Iran, who bought them for $ 1 billion ( see "Kommersant" on November 10, 2015 ).
Together with the Soviet systems S-125, S-200, Buk, Kvadrat and Osa, they will form the basis of an echeloned Syrian air defense, which will be able to shield not only Damascus, but also a number of military bases from possible attacks by Israel and the US coalition, where Syrian aviation is stationed and Iranian military instructors are located.
At present, Israel launches aircraft from inside its territory, which fly north into Lebanon. From Lebanon, the Israelis launch air-to-ground missiles into Syria. When the S-300 goes active, such attacks will no longer be possible.
Not only will the S-300 detect the Israeli aircraft AND the missiles they fire, the S-300 travels faster than the Israeli jets, and can shoot them down before they ever return to Israel. Thus, deployment of this new system in Syria will put a stop to the attacks conducted by Israel.
According to Colonel Viktor Murakhovsky, it makes sense to transfer at least three or four divisions of the air defense system of this type.
As of right now, Russian anti-aircraft missile systems S-400 protect airspace in Khmeimim and Masyafa, and the S-300V4 covers the logistics center of the Russian Navy in Tartus.
Moscow believes that the deployment of the S-300 in Syria will stabilize the situation and will not allow the Israelis and the coalition led by the United States to destroy civil and military infrastructure.